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Ai-chuudan. 会い中断Both players in chuudan no kamae.
Aite 相手Rival; competitor; opponent or adversary.
Aiuchi 相打ちAction of two opponents in which both score a point in combat; simultaneously.
Ashi-sabaki  足裁きfootwork
Bogu 防具Armor used in Kendo
Bokutoo 木刀Sword made from very hard wood; usually 1.05-m length.
Bokken 木剣wooden sword.
Budou 武道The way of combat
Bushi  武士Warrior
Chigawa 乳革Leather loop on either side of the dou.
Chika-ma 近間Position is much closer than issoku itto no ma.
Chuudan  中断Mid-level "; at the level of the chest.
Chuuken  中堅3rd(Team Tournament Positions)
Daimyou 大名Feudal lord.
Daisho 大小Pair of swords used by the Samurai; consisting of a Katana (or O-dachi) and a Wakizashi (or Ko-dachi).
Dan 段Expert's degree.
Datotsu 打とつStrike or thrust.
Dou 胴Protective piece destined to cover the chest and stomach. Hard and rigid; it was made originally out of bamboo pieces; although recently almost exclusively of synthetic materials.
Dou ari 胴ありdou point scored and sto
PDojo 道場training hall; hall of discipline
Doumo arigato gozaimasu どうも有難うございますThank you very much (said after you have practiced with someone; especially a senior instructor or sensei)
Encho 延長extension/overtime
Fukusho  副署4th (Team Tournament Positions)
Gedan 下段Low-level
Go 五5
Gohon Me 五本目5th (Counting kata)
Gokaku Geiko 互角稽古Training between students of similar rank and/or ability.
Gyaku Do 逆胴The left part of the Do.
Hachi 八8
Hai はいyes
Hajime 初めbegin
Hakama 袴Pleated Japanese trousers. .
Hanshi 範師Masterful
Hansoku 反則violation
Hansoku- nikai 反則二回second violation = one point against you
Hansoku-ikkai 反則一回first violation
Happon Me 八本目8th (Counting kata)
Hara 腹abdomen; the place where your mental and spiritual strength is centered
Hasaki 刃先cutting edge
Hassou-no-kamae 八相の構えPosition in which the Shinai is maintained vertically with the hands to level of the shoulder of the right or left side.
Hatsu-Geiko 初場稽古New Year's training.
Hidari 左Left.
Hiki 引きEvasion.
Hiki-Age 引き上げRaising the Shinai high after making a cut in preparation for another blow.
Hiki-Waza 引き技Backward-moving techniques carried out from Tsuba-Zeriai.
Hirauchi 平内Strike with the flat of the Shinai.
Himo 紐Cords.
Honshitsu 本質Essence.
Iaido 居合同The art of drawing the katana.
Ichi 一1
Ippon Me 一本目1st (Counting kata)
Ippon Shoubu 一本勝負A one-point match.
Irimi 入り身Fundamental short-sword guard position: stepping into your opponent's maai.
Issoku ittoo no ma / Uchima 一速一刀の間合い・内間The distance from which one can attack or defend in one single step; the stroke interval.
Issoku-Ittoo-No-Maai 一速一刀の間合いOne step; one blow.
Ittoo-Ryuu 一刀流One sword school
Ji-Geiko 自稽古Free style combat.
Jiho  寺宝2nd (Team Tournament Positions)
Joudan 上段Upper
Juppon Me 十本目10th (Counting kata)
Jutsu 術Technique based in the traditions and teachings of a school.
Juu 十10
Kachi 勝ちVictory (used usually at Shiai - competitions).
Kachinuki 勝ち抜きCombat; in which a Kendoka takes successive opponents to the point of exhaustion.
Kakari-Geiko 係り稽古Practice in which the student executes all techniques in his/her repertoir without pause; "all-out attack practice."
Kakedameshi 駆け試しStrong attack.
Kamae 構えGuard or posture.
Kamaete 構えてtake kamae (chundan no kamae)
Kata  型practice where prearranged attacks and counter attacks are used.
Katana 刀long sword
Katana 刀Curved single-edged Japanese sword; slightly shorter than a tachi.
Katate-Waza 片手ワザWielding the Shinai with one hand.
Katsugi 担ぎTechnique of "shouldering the sword."
Keiko 稽古Kendo training; the purpose of which is to exceed (Kei) what has been achieved before (Ko).
Ken 剣Sword.
Kendougu 剣道具Armor.
Kendougi 剣道着Training jacket; made from thick cotton.
Kendouka 剣道家An expert in Kendo-usually more loosely used as a term for Kenshi.
Kenjutsu 剣術The Art of the Sword.
Ki 気spirit
Ki 気Vital energy; life-force.
Kiai 気合fighting shout; coming form the hara
Kiai 気合Kiai.
Kigurai 気位Pride; bearing; dignity.
Kihaku 気迫Spirit.
Kihon  基本Basic movements and techniques.
Kikentai No Ichi 気剣体の一Soul; sword and body are one
Kirikaeshi 切返しExercise in which the students carry out repetitive alternating cuts to hidari-men and migi-men.
Kisei 気勢Spirit; vigor.
Kobushi 拳Fist
Kodachi 小太刀short wooden sword used in kata
Wakizashi 脇差Short sword; also know as Wakizashi.
Kondansha 金段a high ranking kendoist
Kote 小手Forearm/gauntlets/"wrist point."
Kote ari 小手ありkote point scored and sto
PKyotsuke きょおつけprepare (for meditation)
Kyu 九9
Kyuhon Me 九本目9th (Counting kata)
Kyuu 級Apprentice's degree.
Ma 間Global concept that comprises time; space and an interval between two things or two moments.
Maai  間合いdistance or space that is created between two individual fencers.
Maai 間合いThe spacetime interval between two object or processes.
Mae 前In front; forward.
Make 負けDefeat.
Men 面Protective mask.
Men ari 面ありmen point scored and sto
PMen-buton 面布団Cloth part of the men.
Men-gane 面がねGrill part of the men.
Men tore 面取れtake off the men
Men tsuke 面着けput on the men
Metsuke 目点けPoint of observation.
Migi 右Right.
Mokusou 黙想meditation ("silent thought")
Motodachi 本勝ちreceiver in sparring
Mudansha  無断者someone with no formal rank
Musoken 無訴権Completely spontaneous movement performed without intervening thought.
Nakayui 中結Small leather cord that helps bind the Shinai while also demarcating the monouchi.
Nakayuwai 中結わいDistal part of the Shinai; with which all contact must be done during a blow; limited downwards by the Nakayui.
Nanahon Me 七本目7th (Counting kata)
Nayashi 納谷氏Technique in Kendo with which the Shinai of the opponent is lowered to the floor; after which a thrust to the throat is made (tsuki).
Ni 二2
Nidan-waza 二段業Two-stage technique.
Nihon Katana 日本刀Two-sword technique; introduced by Miyamoto Musashi. Also called Nito; or Nito Ryu.
Nihon Me 二本目2nd (Counting kata)
Nitou (Ryu) 二刀流A style of Kendo using two Shinai in a combat.
Noutoo 嚢刀Resheathing the sword.
Nuki 抜きEvasion.
Nuki-Waza 抜き業Evasion techniques.
Odachi お大刀Large sword; Katana.
Okuri-ashi 送り足Sliding step with leading right foot.
Omote 面Left-side of the shinai.
Ouji-waza 応じ業Counterattack technique.
Onegai shimasu お願いしますplease (said before practicing; as you bow)
Osame to Take sonkyo; retract your shinai; stand up; take five steps back and bow.
Otagae ni rei おたがえに令mutual bow to your partners
Otoshi 落としStriking down the opponent's Shinai.
Rei 令Bow; performed from tachi or seiza.
Roku 六6
Roppon Me  六本目6th (Counting kata)
Ryuu 流School or style. I.e..: Nito Ryuu.
Sage-too 提げ刀Holding the shinai at the left side of the body.
Sakigawa 先革Small leather tip at the end (kissaki) of the Shinai.
Sanbon Shoubu 三本勝負three point match
San 三3
Sanbon Me 三本目3rd (Counting kata)
Sanbon Shobu 三本勝負Three-points combat;
Saya 鞘Scabbard.
Seiza 正座sit (formally)
Seiza 正座Formal kneeling/sitting position; literally "correct sitting.".
Seme 攻めThreatening attitude prior to bringing up the Shinai for a cut.
Sempo 千歩1st (Team Tournament Positions)
Sen Sen No Sen Win by anticipating the opponent's intention.
Sensei 先生Instructor.
Sensei ni rei 先生に令bow to the sensei
Shi 四4
Shiai 試合match; combat
Shichi 七7
Shikake Waza 仕掛業Technique in which the Kenshi takes advantage of the low guard of his opponent.
Shinai 竹刀Bamboo sword.
Shinpan 審判Judge; referee
Shitachi 取立receiver (this term is used in kata practice)
Shizentai Natural standing position.
Shobu 勝負Traditionally refers to a death match. In contemporary Kendo usage; a competition or a match.
Shoubu ari 勝負ありmatch won
Shoumen 正面A blow to the center of the Men.
Shoumen ni rei 正面に令bow to the kamiza;flag or banner of the dojo
Sonkyo 蹲踞crouch with sword facing your partner/opponent
Sonkyo 蹲踞Squatting position taken before engagement.
Suburi 素振りExercises with the Shinai or sword
Suri-ashi 摺足Sliding ste
PSuriage Waza 摺上げ業Raising the opponent's Shinai to create an opening and deliver an attack.
Sutemi 捨て身Self-denial; acting without self-consciousness or lust of result.
Taiatari 体当りBody check.
Taisho 5th (Team Tournament Positions)
Taitou 体刀holding shinai at waist level
Tare 垂Waist protector
Tenouchi 手の打ちBalanced tension of the hands at the instantaneous moment of the strike.
Tenugui 手拭Small linen towel placed on the head; actually a traditional hand towel .
To-ma 遠間A distance greater than issoku itto no ma from the opponent.
Tsuba 鍔Sword guard.
Tsuba-Zeriai 鍔迫り合いSituation in which the competitors close enought that their Shinai are in contact at the tsuba.
Tsugi-ashi 告ぎ足Short ste
PTsuka 柄Hilt of a Shinai or sword.
Tsukagashira 柄頭Top of the hilt.
Tsuka Gawa 柄革The leather piece that covers the handle of the Shinai.
Tsuki 衝きName given to the direct thrust to the throat; using the tip of the Shinai.
Tsuki ari 衝きありtsuki point scored and sto
PTsuki-dare 衝垂Throat protector
Tsuru 弦Central cord of the shinai.
Uchi 打ちA blow or strike
Uchidachi 打ち立ちattacker (this term is used in kata practice)
Uchidachi 打ち立ちDesignates the one who initiates attack in kata.
Uchiotoshi-waza 打ち落とし業Technique of striking the opponent's shinai in his attack and counterattacking at once.
Ura 裏Right side of the shinai
Wakare 別れCommand to separate to chudan no kamae without returning to center of the court in preparation for the judge's command to hajime.
Wakigamae 脇構えLateral guard; with the Shinai in a horizontal position.
Wakizashi 脇差Short sword. Also Kodachi.
Waza 業technique
Hikiwake 引き分けtie/draw
Yame 止めsto
PYohon Me 四本目4th (Counting kata)
Yoi 良いready?
Yoko 横Side / lateral.
Yudansha 油断者ranking kendoist
Yuken Situation in which the swords of two opponents are crossed.
Zanshin 残心follow through; sustained awareness; continuing mind
Zenkutsu Dachi 前屈立ちStance in which the weight is primarily on the lead leg; with the rear leg extended.
Zen-Beikoku Kendou Renmei 全米国剣道連盟All-America Kendo Federation
Zen-Nippon Kendou Renmei 全日本剣道連盟All-Japan Kendo Federation

Posledná úprava Nedeľa, 02 Marec 2008 10:58